The Team That Tames The Child Abuse Monster In Chester County

Last week, one defendant pled to murdering a child and another defendant
was convicted of molesting a child. In the wake of those strong convictions, the
Chester County District Attorney’s Office reviewed child abuse reporting statistics
for 2018 and announced some other good news. After multiple years of increases
in child abuse reports and required forensic interviews, the current statistics show
that the number of reports and interviews has stabilized in Chester County.
Chester County District Attorney Tom Hogan stated, “When the law in
Pennsylvania changed to vastly increase the number of child abuse reports, Chester
County responded immediately. We doubled the number of child abuse detectives
and prosecutors. We added bi-lingual investigators. We added support staff. We
improved our facilities and technology. As a result, the Chester County child
abuse team was able to stay on top of the surge in child abuse reports, continuing
our critical mission of protecting children.”

In 2013 and 2014, in response to the Jerry Sandusky scandal at Penn State,
sweeping changes were made in Pennsylvania laws regarding the reporting of
suspected child abuse. The new laws expanded the category of people considered
“mandatory reporters” who are required to report any suspected child abuse.
Mandatory reporters were expanded to include all school employees, health care
providers, child care providers, and other new categories. The new laws also
expanded the definition of “child abuse.”

As a result, the number of reports of child abuse increased dramatically.
With the increase in reports, the number of “forensic interviews,” which are
interviews of children specifically designated to both protect children and elicit the
truth, also increased.
The progression of child abuse reports in Chester County is as follows:
Year Number of Reports
2014 414
2015 1,306
2016 1,681
2017 1,924
2018 1,983
The number of forensic interviews for the same time period is as follows:
Year Forensic Interviews
2014 233
2015 251
2016 358
2017 363
2018 346
Megan King, the Deputy District Attorney in charge of the Child Abuse
Unit, stated, “In Chester County, we are lucky that the District Attorney’s Office
had the resources and foresight to deal with these increases. Working as a team,
we have vastly improved our ability to investigate and prosecute child abuse cases.
Chester County now stands as a leader in the field of child abuse prosecutions.”
Every child abuse case in Chester County is reported to the Chester County
Detectives, the investigative arm of the District Attorney’s Office. The detectives
and prosecutors assigned to the Child Abuse Unit then assess the cases to decide
which cases should be handled directly by the Chester County Detectives and
which can be addressed by municipal police departments or the Pennsylvania State
Police. The cases are then worked through the Chester County Children’s
Advocacy Center (the “CAC”). The CAC is a child-focused, facility-based
program in which representatives from multiple core disciplines work together,
conducting joint child forensic interviews and making team decisions about the
investigation, treatment, management and prosecution of child sexual and
physical abuse. The CAC includes a safe, child-friendly area for children and
their families located in the Chester County Justice Center. The center includes
a waiting room, observation room, and a forensic interview room. The
interviews are conducted by highly trained investigators, the interviews are
recorded, and the center is nationally accredited through the National
Children’s Alliance.
Sergeant David Sassa, the Chester County Detective who supervises the
Child Abuse Unit, said, “We have made outstanding progress in the last few years
in our ability to handle child abuse cases. We follow a vertical prosecution model,
which has detectives and prosecutors working together the moment a case is
reported. We have top-flight medical experts working with us, allowing us to
delve deeper into child abuse cases than ever before. I am proud to say that we
have created one of the best Child Abuse Units in Pennsylvania.”
In 2016, the District Attorney’s Office warned the public about the expected
increases in child abuse reports. The District Attorney’s Office is now announcing
that the number of suspected child abuse reports should remain stable for the
foreseeable future. The statistics from 2018 bear out this news, with a relatively
flat number of child abuse reports and an actual decrease in forensic interviews.

“We weathered the worst of the storm,” stated District Attorney Hogan.
“With dedicated prosecutors and detectives who stood their posts and worked
together, we emerged as a stronger and more efficient Child Abuse Unit. When
things got tough, we never quit. Protecting children is now, and forever will be,
one of the top missions of the Chester County District Attorney’s Office.”

-Press Release From: Chester County DA’s Office



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